HIGHER EDUCATION IN INDIA

The higher education system in India includes both private and public universities. Public universities are supported by the Government of India and the state governments, while private universities are mostly supported by various bodies and societies. Universities in India are recognized by the University Grants Commission (UGC), which draws its power from the University Grants Commission Act, 1956.India's higher education system is the second largest in the world, after the United States. The main governing body at the tertiary level is the University Grants Commission, which enforces its standards, advises the government, and helps coordinate between the centre and the state.

Indian higher education system has expanded at a fast pace by adding nearly 20,000 colleges and more than 8 million students in a decade from 2000-01 to 2010-11. As of 2012, India has 42 central universities, 285 state universities, 130 deemed universities, 113 private universities, 5 institutions established and functioning under the State Act, and 33 Institutes of National Importance. Other institutions include 33,000 colleges as Government Degree Colleges and Private Degree Colleges, including 1800 exclusive women's colleges, functioning under these universities and institutions as reported by the UGC in 2012. The emphasis in the tertiary level of education lies on science and technology. Indian educational institutions by 2004 consisted of a large number of technology institutes. Distance learning and open education is also a feature of the Indian higher education system, and is looked after by the Distance Education Council. Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) is the largest university in the world by number of students, having approximately 3.5 million students across the globe.

The types of universities include:

  • Central Universities, or Union universities are established by Act of Parliament and are under the purview of the Department of Higher Education in the Union Human Resource Development Ministry.
  • State Universities are run by the state government of each of the states and territories of India, and are usually established by a local legislative assembly act. As of 30 November 2011, the UGC lists 285 state universities.
  • Deemed University, or "Deemed-to-be-University", is a status of autonomy granted by the Department of Higher Education on the advice of the UGC, under Section 3 of the UGC Act.
  • Private Universities are approved by the UGC. They can grant degrees but they are not allowed to have off-campus affiliated colleges.

 

SUMARRY OF UNIVERSITIES IN INDIA BY STATE AND TYPE

State

Central Universities

State

Universities

Deemed Universities

Private Universities

Total

Andhra Pradesh

3

32

7

0

42

Arunachal Pradesh

1

0

1

0

2

Assam

2

4

0

2

8

Bihar

2

14

2

0

18

Chandigarh

0

1

1

0

2

Chhattisgarh

1

10

0

4

15

Delhi

4

5

12

0

21

Goa

0

1

0

0

1

Gujarat

1

18

2

11

32

Haryana

1

10

5

6

22

Himachal Pradesh

1

4

0

12

17

Jammu & Kashmir

1

6

0

0

7

Jharkhand

1

7

2

1

11

Karnataka

1

22

15

2

40

Kerala

1

11

2

0

14

Madhya Pradesh

2

15

3

7

27

Maharashtra

1

19

21

0

41

Manipur

2

0

0

0

2

Meghalaya

1

0

0

8

9

Mizoram

1

0

0

1

2

Nagaland

1

0

0

2

3

Orissa

1

12

2

1

16

Pondicherry

1

0

1

0

2

Punjab

1

7

2

3

13

Rajasthan

1

14

8

25

48

Sikkim

1

0

0

4

5

Tamil Nadu

2

24

29

0

55

Tripura

1

0

0

1

2

Uttar Pradesh

4

23

10

16

53

Uttarakhand

1

6

4

6

17

West Bengal

1

20

1

1

23

Total

42

285

130

113

570

 

 

 

 

Your investment destination at the Heart of Asia

Embassy of Afghanistan
5/50F, Shantipath
Chanakyapuri
New Delhi-110021

Phone Visa Section:

+91-11-26871326

Phone +91-11-2410 0412

Fax +91-11-2687 5439

Email General: infoPhoneafghanembassy.in

Email Website: mediasectionPhoneafghanembassy.in

Working Hours:
Monday to Friday: 9:30 AM to 4.30 PM